Summary

Universal health coverage(UHC) is considered as a mission of the HealthSystem in order to achieve the third-millennium development goal. Different countries carry outset of healthcare reforms to cover all patients and increase access to the necessary healthcare services with the least financialproblems[1]. During
the past thirty years, Iran’s primary healthcare sector has been well-developed and has achieved significant success. Vaccinations against infectious diseases such as polio, measles, rubella, and
diphtheria are being fully covered. In addition, the diseases like malaria and trachoma have nearly been eradicated.
However, the health system has faced numerous challenges in terms of financing and the provision of medical care, so about three percent of the population is faced with impoverishing health
care expenditures annually. Inefficient policies regarding financing, health care governance, and the weak political supports by the government to empower the private sector to invest in the healthcare sector on the one hand, and the existence of the international sanctions imposed by the USA on the other hand, prevented the implementation of there form to improve the condition of the medical care sector. No sooner did the previous government change than the new one brought the spirit of reconciliation on both sides (Iran and the six governments including the five permanent members of the UnitedNationsSecurity Council—China, France, Russia, UnitedKingdom, UnitedStates—plus Germany, and the European Union)in terms of reducing Iran phobia and resolving the issue of the previous international sanctions(primary agreement at November,24th, 2013), while Rohani-Care was performed, as one of the greatest social reforms. On5th May, 2013, Rouhani-Care began to work to reduce out-of-pocket expenditures, improve patientaccessto medical care and expensive pharmaceuticals, and promote the quality of health services.

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